Link between gum disease and obesity


Obesity and gum disease (periodontal) are among the most prevalent non-communicable disorders in the U.S. — and findings indicate that these medical illnesses can be related. This new research investigates the impact of obesity on periodontal non-surgical treatment and assesses possible mechanisms that could explain the link between the two conditions.

Researchers find the evidence showed elevated body mass index, waist circumference and body fat ratio to be correlated with an increased risk of contracting gum disease, also known as periodontitis. At one point in time, most experiments evaluated data from population subsets, as opposed to analyzing the same population over a longer duration.

Oral health-care professionals need to be aware of the complexity of obesity to counsel their patients about the importance of an appropriate body weight and maintaining good oral hygiene.

The disease is still reversible at this stage, and can usually be eliminated by careful daily brushing and flossing. In the more advanced stages of gum disease, called periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth become seriously damaged.

When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and can become infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.

JDRP is an open access peer review journal who publishes different types of articles related to the field of dental or tooth problems, its cure, diagnosis and treatment. People who are interested in submitting their article can go through the URL link